set4

2017-02-02

SS Great Northern (1914)

Great Northern running builder’s trials, circa late 1914 or early 1915.

History

United States

Name:

1915—Great Northern
1917—USS Great Northern (ID-4569)
1919—USAT Great Northern
1921—USS Great Northern (AG-9)
1921—USS Columbia (AG-9)
1922—H. F. Alexander
1942—USAT George S. Simonds[1]

Namesake:
Great Northern Railway

Operator:

1915—Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway Company
1917—U.S. Navy
1919—U.S. Army
1921—U.S. Navy
1922—Pacific Steamship Company
1942—U.S. Army[1]

Awarded:
26 April 1913

Builder:
William Cramp & Sons

Laid down:
22 September 1913

Launched:
7 July 1914

Completed:
April 1915.[2]

In service:
April 1915[2]

Out of service:
Entered reserve fleet at Lee Hall, Virginia 5 March 1946[3]

Fate:
Sold to Boston Metals Company on 25 February 1948[3]

General characteristics

Type:
Passenger ship

Tonnage:
8255 grt

Length:
509 ft 6 in (155.30 m)

Beam:
63 ft 1 in (19.23 m)

Draft:
21 ft (6.4 m)

Speed:
23 kn (26 mph; 43 km/h)

Complement:
559 (Navy)[1]

Armament:
4 × 6 in (150 mm) guns (Navy)[1]

Great Northern was a passenger ship built at Philadelphia by William Cramp & Sons under supervision of the Great Northern Pacific Steam Ship Company for the Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway Company, itself a joint venture of the Great Northern Railway and Northern Pacific Railway. Great Northern, along with sister ship Northern Pacific, were built to provide a passenger and freight link by sea between the northern transcontinental rail lines via the Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway terminal at Astoria, Oregon and San Francisco beginning in spring of 1915.
The ship was acquired for military service in September 1917 and served as USS Great Northern (AG-9), USAT Great Northern and USS Columbia before returning to commercial Pacific Coast service as H. F. Alexander. In 1942 the ship was acquired by the War Shipping Administration and again became an Army transport, USAT George S. Simonds. After layup in the reserve fleet 5 March 1946 the ship was sold to Boston Metals Company on 25 February 1948 for scrapping.

Contents

1 Construction and design
2 Commercial service 1915—1917
3 Military service 1917—1922

3.1 Navy
3.2 Army
3.3 Navy and rename

4 Commercial service 1922—1942
5 World War II service
6 See also
7 References
8 Bibliography
9 External links

Construction and design[edit]
Great North